Recent NEWS

KHARTUM|2019/What’s within? : Main terms of peace accord in Centrafric, a brief summary

Français | English

A peace agreement between the government of Central African Republic and 14 armed groups which control most of the country has taken effect after the final signatories inked the document.

X

The so-called Khartoum Agreement, concluded in the Sudanese capital, is the eighth attempt in nearly six years to bring peace to one of the world’s poorest and most unstable countries.

 

X

Here are its main points:

JUSTICE AND RECONCILIATION

– The parties acknowledge the “painful consequences and the scars of serious crimes” and vow not to repeat them.

– A Truth, Justice, Reparation and Reconciliation Commission will begin its work within 90 days.

– In the meantime, the parties will set up a commission to investigate the CAR’s conflict and propose actions which could lead to legal proceedings.

– The agreement does not spell out any amnesty for militia leaders — something that has been a stumbling block in past agreements. However, the president may exercise a “discretionary right to issue pardons”.

TRANSITIONAL SECURITY

– Signatories agree to set up “special mixed units” of militia members and the security forces under an initial two-year transition period.

– The units will be supervised by the military. Militia members who join these units must adhere “completely” to the principles of the peace deal and complete two months’ training.

– The units can request technical assistance from MINUSCA, the UN mission in CAR.

UPHOLDING CONSTITUTION

– The parties agree to respect the constitution, laws and regulations of CAR.

– They agree to not seize or retain power by force.

– They agree to organise free, transparent and credible elections to “consolidate democracy”.

– The president agrees to form an “inclusive government”.

IMPLEMENTATION AND FOLLOW-UP

– The parties recognise the deal depends on “sincerity” and acting “in good faith”.

– They agree to set up an implementation and follow-up mechanism (MOS) to check on the deal’s progress.

– Separately, they will create an “Executive Committee for Follow-up” (CES), co-chaired by the African Union, the government and militias. It will meet at least once a month.

© February 2019 – LAMINE MEDIA with AFP – All rights of reproduction reserved.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*