Recent NEWS

DOCUMENT/HRW: Centrafric Ugandan Troops Harm Women – Repeated Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

“Karin,” a 15-year-old girl in Obo who was eight months pregnant at the time of photo. She told Human Rights Watch that a Ugandan soldier paid her up to 5,000 CFA (approximately $8.30 USD) to be his local “wife.” ©2017 Lewis Mudge/Human Rights Watch

(Nairobi) – Ugandan soldiers in the Central African Republic have sexually exploited or abused at least 13 women and girls since 2015, including at least one rape, and threatened some victims to remain silent, Human Rights Watch said today. The Ugandan military has been deployed in the country since 2009 as a part of the African Union’s Regional Task Force to eliminate the Uganda rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), but recently announced it is withdrawing its troops.

Human Rights Watch interviewed a total of 13 women and 3 girls in early 2017, who described exploitation or abuse since 2010 by Ugandan soldiers in the southeastern town of Obo, where Ugandan forces were based, and heard credible accounts of other cases. Two of the women were girls when the exploitation or abuse took place. Two women and one girl said that soldiers threatened reprisals if they told Ugandan and United Nations investigators about the abuse.

“As counter-LRA operations wind down, Uganda’s military should not ignore allegations of sexual exploitation and rape by its soldiers in the Central African Republic,” said Lewis Mudge, Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Ugandan and African Union authorities should conduct proper investigations, punish those responsible, and make sure that the women and girls who were sexually abused or exploited get the services they need.”

Fifteen of the women and girls interviewed said they became pregnant, but in each case the soldier who fathered the child left the country and has not provided any support.

The 16 cases documented by Human Rights Watch clearly under-represent the full extent of sexual exploitation and abuse by the Ugandan forces, not only because sexual violence is generally underreported, but also because others, including the UN and local health workers, have documented other cases, Human Rights Watch said. In the Central African Republic, women and girls often do not report sexual violence or exploitation due to shame, stigma, or fear of retaliation.

In 2016, the UN Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights reported 14 cases of rape by Ugandan forces in the country, including cases involving victims who were children at the time. Four of these cases are among those Human Rights Watch documented.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

According to an internal UN report from 2016 obtained by Human Rights Watch, UN investigators in Obo registered 18 cases of sexual violence or harassment by Ugandan soldiers against women and girls who were afraid to give details out of fear of reprisals.

The report states that investigators also obtained information about 44 women and girls with children fathered by Ugandan soldiers; the UN team interviewed 12 of them, all girls.

In January 2017, the BBC reported cases of rape by Ugandan soldiers in the Central African Republic, including of a 12-year-old girl who gave birth. The Ugandan military said at the time that it conducted an investigation in Obo and found no evidence of wrongdoing.

Human Rights Watch submitted a series of questions about the allegations to the Ugandan Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs on April 20, including about any investigations or disciplinary action, but the ministry has not replied.

Several women and girls told Human Rights Watch that Ugandan military investigators had interviewed them over the past year, but that there was no follow-up and they had no information about the investigation.

Two local organizations, one religious leader, and one journalist in Obo also told Human Rights Watch that Ugandan forces had warned them not to report cases of sexual exploitation and abuse.

The rape survivor interviewed by Human Rights Watch, 15-year-old “Marie,” said a Ugandan soldier assaulted her in January 2016, while she was working in the fields near the Ugandan base at the Obo airstrip. “The man was alone… I could not understand what he was saying,” she said. “He pushed me to the ground [and he raped me]. Afterward, there was real pain.”

“Marie” became pregnant from the rape and gave birth to a child in November 2016.

Fifteen of the women and girls interviewed said they had sex with Ugandan military personnel in exchange for food or money because the ongoing conflict and their displacement had left them desperate. Several said the Ugandan soldiers offered them food and money to be their “local wives,” which entailed having sex and doing domestic work. Fourteen of these women and girls had a child fathered by a Ugandan soldier. All of them said they received no support from the soldier and most said their social and economic situation worsened after the child was born.

Rape; sex in exchange for money, goods, or services; and sex with anyone under 18 by African Union (AU) military, police, or civilians qualify as sexual exploitation and abuse, and are prohibited by the AU. The AU states a zero-tolerance policy for sexual exploitation and abuse.

The women and girls, healthcare workers, and local officials Human Rights Watch interviewed in Obo said that Ugandan soldiers paying for sex was no secret in the community, and women and girls frequently visited the military base by the air strip. “I could spend the night in the base, there were no problems,” said “Karin,” a 15-year-old girl who became pregnant in 2016 by a Ugandan soldier.

On April 19, 2017, the Ugandan Defense Ministry announced its withdrawal from the Central African Republic, saying, “the mission to neutralize the LRA has now been successfully achieved.” Ugandan forces could join the UN peacekeeping mission in the country, MINUSCA, to continue operations against the LRA, the ministry added.

MINUSCA should not consider accepting any Ugandan troops for the UN mission until allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse have been credibly investigated and abusers held to account, Human Rights Watch said.

While in Obo, Ugandan forces received logistical and intelligence assistance from the United States. The US government should condition future support for the Ugandan military on Uganda promptly and thoroughly investigating the allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse in the Central African Republic and punishing the abusers, among other concerns, Human Rights Watch said.

The Ugandan and AU authorities should prioritize the security and well-being of survivors in its response to sexual exploitation and abuse, Human Rights Watch said. That should include assuring survivor’s safety, maintaining confidentiality to reduce the risk of stigmatization, minimizing repeated trauma due to multiple interviews, ensuring timely access to medical and mental health, or psychosocial, care, and providing socio economic support to survivors abandoned with children fathered by Ugandan military personnel.

AU forces in the Central African Republic have committed other serious crimes with impunity in recent years. In June 2016, Human Rights Watch published information on the murder of at least 18 people, including women and children, by peacekeepers from the Republic of Congo. At the time, the Congolese peacekeepers were under the command of the AU mission in the Central African Republic, known as MISCA. The AU prepared an internal report on the killings but has not released the findings.

“Both AU and troop-contributing countries should demonstrate full commitment to punish sexual exploitation and abuse in deployment areas,” Mudge said. “They need to enforce the zero-tolerance policy and prevent abuse of the people these missions are meant to protect.”

The Effort Against the LRA

In 2011, the African Union’s Peace and Security Council authorized the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA (RCI-LRA), which included as the military component the Regional Task Force (RTF). The RTF drew its operational forces largely from the Ugandan army. Approximately 1,500 Ugandan military forces were deployed to the Central African Republic.

The US announced in October 2011 that it would send 100 US Special Forces personnel as military advisers to the Ugandan army and other armed forces in the region to assist in apprehending LRA leaders. In recent years, and as LRA groups have moved, nearly all of the US military advisers and Ugandan army soldiers involved have been based in the southeast, with a headquarters in Obo.

Both Ugandan and US forces have announced they will withdraw from the mission in the upcoming months.

Sexual Exploitation and Rape

Human Rights Watch documented one case of rape of a girl (15 years old), and 15 cases of sexual exploitation by Ugandan military forces, including of two girls (15 and 17 years old), and two who were girls at the time the exploitation took place.

Thirteen of the cases occurred after 2015, with the most recent in late 2016. Fifteen of the 16 subsequently gave birth, including two who were 17 when they became pregnant.

“Marie,” the 15-year-old rape survivor, told Human Rights Watch that her attacker was a soldier based in Obo. “He was a young man,” she said. “This soldier raped me and now it is difficult to think about what happened. It was not good and I think about it a lot.”

“Marie” received some medical care after the attack but no information about getting an abortion after she learned she was pregnant (see below). She gave birth to the child in November 2016.

Among the cases investigated by the UN, according to an internal report Human Rights Watch reviewed, one was of a 13-year-old girl who was “raped two times by UPDF [Ugandan military] soldiers in Obo, first in August 2015 and the second time on May 20, 2016.”

A 25-year-old woman, “Blandine,” said she felt she had no choice but to be a Ugandan “wife” because a soldier gave her between 3,000 CFA and 5,000 CFA per week (approximately US$5 to $8.30) in return. “I needed the money,” she said. “I am a farmer and I am poor. I only went to school for a few years… With that money I would buy food and I would do small business.”

A 28-year-old woman, “Margaret,” said she was also not able to refuse money from a Ugandan soldier. “He would give me 1,000 CFA (approximately US$1.60) or some small food after sex. It would be a sachet of corn meal or maybe cabbage or tomatoes,” she said. “I started this relationship with [him] because I needed this small amount of money he gave me, that is all.”

“Francine,” 23, said she had sex with a Ugandan soldier for two to three months in 2015 because he gave her food and money. “He was looking for a woman that he could have sex with but he did not want too many [women] for fear of contracting AIDS,” she said. “He said he would give me 10,000 CFA (approximately US$16.70) to be his wife.”

“Francine” stressed how common the exploitation was in town. “All the Ugandans do this,” she said. “They don’t need to hide it because it is completely normal.”

Exploited and Abandoned

Seven women and one girl said they knew the name of the Ugandan soldier who had paid them for sex, but the others did not. None of the 15 who had a child as a result of the exploitation knew how to contact the soldier who had abandoned them.

“Claire,” 25, said that when she was six months pregnant, the Ugandan soldier who had impregnated her told her he was leaving the following day. “He refused to give me his number in Uganda,” she said. “When I insisted he said, ‘What for? You are just going to call and bother me.’”

“Margaret” said that the Ugandan father of her child, born in early 2015, refused to give her his phone number in Uganda. “No, the child is my gift to you,” she said he told her. “It will be a souvenir to remember me by.”

Six women and girls said Ugandan military personnel had promised to take them to Uganda for a better life in exchange for acting as a soldier’s “wife.”

A 25-year-old mother of a child from a Ugandan soldier, “Claude,” said a Ugandan soldier convinced her to become his “wife” in 2014. “He said he would marry me and take me to Uganda if I accepted to be his ‘wife,’” she said. “He said he would give me what I wanted and needed as his ‘wife,’ so I accepted.”

“Rebecca,” 22, said she agreed to be a Ugandan soldier’s “wife” when she was 17. “He fooled me and he said he would take me to Uganda as his own wife – I believed him,” she said. “I was young and stupid. We were together for a year. Sometimes he would come to the house, sometimes I would go to the base.” “Rebecca” had a child with the soldier when she was still 17.

A 21-year-old woman, “Alphonsine,” said a Ugandan soldier promised her money, food, and a home in Uganda. Over the course of five years, they had two children together. He abandoned her and the children in November 2015, when he returned to Uganda. “I think about my situation and how I was fooled,” she said. “Now it is very difficult for me to find money for food and soap.”

30-year-old “Jeanette,” who had a child from a Ugandan soldier in 2015, said she had sex with him because she needed money and food. “Now I need more money and food because I have to feed and clothe this child, too,” she said.

Services for Survivors

Most of the women and girls interviewed had not been able to get medical or mental health care.

“Marie,” the rape survivor, was able to access some critical post-rape medical care in the days after she was attacked. She was tested for HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, but no one provided her with information about access to abortion after it was established she was pregnant.

Eight women said the Ugandan soldier with whom they had sex gave them money, ranging from 1,000 CFA to 30,000 CFA (approximately US$1.60 to $50), for medical care during their pregnancy. But all of them said it was not sufficient for the multiple check-ups required, and they either had to find the money elsewhere or forgo appointments.

None had any psychosocial support to deal with the trauma, despite the presence of at least one international organization that offers this service. The women and girls interviewed by Human Rights Watch said they were not aware this service existed.

None had received social or economic support from the AU or other agencies. Several spoke of stigma in their communities associated with having a “Ugandan baby.” This stigma could lead to greater socioeconomic needs. “People in the neighborhood call my child ‘the Ugandan,’” said Rebecca. “The other kids make fun of her and tell her I am the abandoned wife of a Ugandan.”

Ugandan Investigations

Ugandan military investigators interviewed several survivors over the past year, but the survivors said they had not had any communication with the investigators after the interviews and were unaware of other follow up. The women and girls said they had no means to contact the investigators.

Human Rights Watch sent a letter to the Ugandan Defense Ministry on April 20, 2017, asking, among other questions, what steps the ministry had taken to investigate the allegations. The ministry has not replied.

A Ugandan military spokesman, Brig. Gen. Richard Karemire, told the BBC in January that military investigators had visited Obo but found no evidence of wrongdoing. “A team went on the ground and did a very good investigation and they never found anything really to implicate any UPDF [Ugandan military] individual for having perpetrated such crimes,” he said.

Threats to Stay Silent

Two women and one girl who were sexually exploited said that Ugandan soldiers had warned them not to speak to any investigators looking into sexual exploitation and abuse. “Claire” said that Ugandan soldiers approached her in 2016, before Ugandan investigators arrived in Obo. “The soldiers came to my house and told me to say the child was a Central African,” she said. “They told me, ‘Don’t say the boy is a Ugandan or it will make problems for you. It will be bad.’ I said, ‘How can it get worse? I have been abandoned with nothing anyway.’”

“Karin,” the 15-year-old girl who was sexually exploited and left pregnant, said Ugandan soldiers warned her not to speak with Ugandan investigators. She decided to speak to the investigators anyway because she had already been abandoned while pregnant and felt she had nothing to lose.

The internal UN report Human Rights Watch obtained says that UN investigators in Obo registered 18 cases of sexual violence or sexual harassment by Ugandan soldiers against women and girls who were too fearful of reprisals by Ugandan soldiers to give details about their cases. Two local organizations, a religious leader, and one journalist in Obo also said Ugandan forces had warned them not to report sexual exploitation and abuse. The religious leader said: “The Ugandans are here to protect us, but they can also threaten us. They know that they are not meant to [have sex with people in the community] and they do not want people talking to journalists about it.”

The Central African Republic is not the only country where Ugandan soldiers have raped and exploited women and girls while on an AU mission. In 2014, Human Rights Watch documented that Ugandan and Burundian military personnel from the AU mission in Somalia, known as AMISOM, had exploited and abused women, including raping women who were seeking water or medical assistance on AMISOM bases. Some women said they did not report the abuse because they feared reprisals from their attackers. Human Rights Watch has previously raised concerns with the Ugandan Defense Ministry regarding similar allegations against Ugandan troops in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2011.

AU Policy on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

The UN defines exploitation as “any actual or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability, differential power, or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another.” The UN considers “sexual abuse” to mean the actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force or under unequal or coercive conditions.

In September 2014, Human Rights Watch reported on 21 acts of rape or sexual exploitation by Ugandan and Burundian military personal with the AU mission in Somalia, AMISOM. Following this report, the AU sent an independent investigation team to Somalia. A recommendation in its final report called for the AU Commission to establish an Office of Internal Oversight Services with similar responsibilities to an independent UN office that investigates, submits reports, and recommends action on alleged abuses by UN peacekeepers. The UN policy on peacekeepers’ conduct prohibits engaging in any sexual relations with members of the local community. The AU should establish a permanent and adequately trained and resourced independent investigative body to investigate allegations of misconduct and abuses, including sexual exploitation and abuse, Human Rights Watch said.

Despite allegations made in the past, the AU does not have a comprehensive conduct and discipline policy for AU peacekeepers or soldiers who commit sexual exploitation and abuse. It is working on a policy framework that will include prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse, how to respond to reports of other types of offenses, and a whistleblower policy. It is unclear if the policy will result in establishing an independent investigative mechanism, along the lines of the UN agency as recommended in the report from Somalia.

The UN considers rape; sex in exchange for money, goods, or services; and sex with anyone under 18 by UN military, police, or civilians to be sexual exploitation and abuse, which are prohibited by the UN. The UN professes a zero-tolerance policy for sexual exploitation and abuse. There have been numerous allegations of such abuse against UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic, including in cases documented by Human Rights Watch in February 2016.

The United Nations Secretary-General’s 2003 Bulletin on protection from sexual exploitation and abuse states that exploitation involves situations in which women and girls are vulnerable and a differential power relationship exists.

Other Abuses by AU Peacekeepers in the Central African Republic

Human Rights Watch has reported on other serious crimes by troops operating as AU peacekeepers in the Central African Republic. In June 2014, Human Rights Watch published information on the killing of at least 11 people, including women and children, in Boali in March 2014, and the death by torture of two others in Bossangoa in December 2013.

In June 2016, Human Rights Watch published another report on the killings in Boali, highlighting the discovery of a mass grave containing the remains of 12 people who were identified as having been detained by the peacekeepers in March 2014, as well as two prisoners executed in Mambéré in February 2014.

The killings in Boali, Bossangoa, and Mambéré were by peacekeepers from the Republic of Congo under command of the AU mission, known by its French acronym, MISCA.

Following the exhumation of the mass grave at Boali, Human Rights Watch wrote to President Denis Sassou Nguesso of the Republic of Congo and to the AU urging credible investigations to bring those responsible to justice. Human Rights Watch never received a reply.

In 2015, staff at the AU embassy in the Central African Republic told Human Rights Watch of an AU report into the murders at Boali. Despite official requests in 2015, 2016, and 2017, Human Rights Watch was never shown the report nor been told of its contents.

Human Rights Watch

157 Comments on DOCUMENT/HRW: Centrafric Ugandan Troops Harm Women – Repeated Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

  1. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading
    it, you are a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back at some point.

    I want to encourage that you continue your great posts, have a nice
    holiday weekend!

  2. I’ve been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I
    never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers
    made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  3. Hello would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a fair price?
    Many thanks, I appreciate it!

  4. After I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the
    -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever
    a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment.
    Perhaps there is a means you are able to remove me from that service?
    Many thanks!

  5. We stumbled over here different web address and thought I may as well
    check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page yet again.

  6. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who was conducting a
    little research on this. And he in fact bought me dinner due to the fact that
    I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU
    for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this issue
    here on your website.

  7. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
    Thanks for magnificent info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  8. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Many thanks

  9. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have
    created some nice practices and we are looking to exchange strategies with others, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  10. Hi I am so excited I found your blog page, I really found
    you by error, while I was looking on Askjeeve for something else, Anyhow I am
    here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post and a all round
    interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at
    the minute but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be
    back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  11. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with
    the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service?

    Thank you!

  12. I’m extremely inspired with your writing skills and also with
    the layout for your weblog. Is that this a paid topic or did
    you customize it your self? Either way stay up the nice high quality writing, it is uncommon to peer
    a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  13. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found
    It absolutely useful and it has helped me out loads.
    I’m hoping to contribute & assist other users like its aided me.

    Great job.

  14. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net
    from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a variety of websites for
    about a year and am worried about switching to another platform.

    I have heard good things about
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  15. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a
    few of the images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I
    think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same results.

  16. Hi! This post could not be written any better!

    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous
    room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will
    forward this write-up to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.

    Many thanks for sharing!

  17. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I
    found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
    put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
    and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  18. When someone writes an article he/she keeps the plan of a user in his/her mind that how a user can know it.
    Therefore that’s why this paragraph is amazing. Thanks!

  19. I’m extremely inspired along with your writing talents and also with the layout to your weblog.
    Is this a paid subject matter or did you customize
    it your self? Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it is uncommon to look
    a nice blog like this one today..

  20. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest
    but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your
    site to come back down the road. All the best

  21. Hello there, I discovered your website via Google at the
    same time as searching for a related subject, your website came up, it looks
    good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just become alert to your weblog via Google, and located that it’s
    truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.

    I’ll appreciate in case you proceed this in future. Lots of folks
    will probably be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  22. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude!
    Thanks, However I am having troubles with your RSS.

    I don’t understand the reason why I can’t subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody getting identical RSS problems? Anybody who knows
    the answer will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  23. We absolutely love your blog and find many of your post’s to be
    precisely what I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content available for
    you? I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating
    on a number of the subjects you write about here.
    Again, awesome site!

  24. Thanks for some other informative site. The place else could I am getting that kind of information written in such
    an ideal means? I have a mission that I am simply now running on, and I have
    been on the look out for such info.

  25. Appreciating the hard work you put into your site and in depth information you present.
    It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed information. Excellent read!
    I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including
    your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  26. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins
    to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to
    rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very
    good gains. If you know of any please share. Many thanks!

  27. What i do not understood is in reality how you’re not actually a lot more smartly-preferred than you may be right now.
    You’re so intelligent. You understand thus significantly with regards to this subject, produced me individually believe it from a lot
    of varied angles. Its like men and women are not involved unless it’s something to do with Woman gaga!
    Your own stuffs excellent. Always care for it up!

  28. After exploring a number of the articles on your web page, I honestly like your
    way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at
    my website too and tell me how you feel.

  29. I truly love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you build this website yourself?

    Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my own personal website and want to know where you got this from
    or just what the theme is called. Thank you!

  30. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
    Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but
    I had to ask!

  31. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each
    time a comment is added I get several emails with the same comment.

    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?

  32. you’re in reality a just right webmaster. The website loading speed
    is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing
    any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterwork.
    you’ve done a wonderful activity in this matter!

  33. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all
    over the web without my permission. Do you know any ways
    to help reduce content from being stolen? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  34. May I simply just say what a comfort to discover somebody that truly
    knows what they are talking about over the internet.
    You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make
    it important. More people should look at this and understand this side of the story.
    It’s surprising you aren’t more popular because you surely possess the gift.

  35. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and
    I am impressed! Extremely useful information specially the
    last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this
    certain info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  36. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one
    and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam responses?
    If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any help is very much appreciated.

  37. Hi! This is my first comment here so I just wanted
    to give a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy
    reading through your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics?
    Thank you!

  38. Right here is the right blog for anybody who hopes to find out about this topic.

    You understand so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually would want to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that’s been discussed for a long time.
    Great stuff, just great!

  39. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem along with your
    website in web explorer, would check this? IE nonetheless is the
    market chief and a big component of people will leave out your fantastic writing because of this

  40. May I simply just say what a comfort to uncover a person that really
    understands what they are talking about over the internet.
    You definitely understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important.

    More people really need to read this and understand this side of your story.
    I was surprised that you are not more popular because you definitely possess the gift.

  41. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like
    this one nowadays.

  42. Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say,
    I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but
    I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any recommendations for rookie blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  43. Thank you for another informative site. The place else may I
    get that kind of information written in such an ideal method?
    I have a venture that I am simply now operating
    on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  44. I think this is among the such a lot vital information for me.
    And i am satisfied studying your article. But wanna observation on some basic things, The web site style is great, the articles is in point of
    fact great : D. Excellent activity, cheers

  45. Greate pieces. Keep posting such kind of information on your
    page. Im really impressed by your site.
    Hey there, You’ve performed an incredible job.
    I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I’m sure they will be benefited from this website.

  46. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it
    can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  47. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is great,
    as well as the content!

  48. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to
    revisit yet again since i have book-marked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change,
    may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  49. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or
    understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  50. Howdy! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  51. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Seldom do I come
    across a blog that’s equally educative and interesting, and let me tell you, you
    have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something too few folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy that I came across this in my hunt for something relating to this.

  52. Outstanding post however I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic?
    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further.

  53. I used to be suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m now not
    certain whether this publish is written via him as no one else understand such specified about my trouble.
    You are amazing! Thanks!

  54. Incredible! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a entirely different subject but it has pretty much the same
    layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

  55. I’m really impressed with your writing abilities
    as neatly as with the layout on your weblog.

    Is that this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing, it’s uncommon to
    peer a nice weblog like this one today..

  56. you are in point of fact a good webmaster. The website loading pace is amazing.
    It seems that you’re doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents
    are masterwork. you have done a excellent job on this

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.